Each semester, we are required to complete a Veterinary Oral Communication Exercise (VOCE) video to practice conveying information to clients about their pet's health. My topic this semester involved a dog that was brought in because the owner noticed that he had been losing weight and was sleeping a lot. Upon auscultation with a stethoscope a continuous heart murmur was heard.
A heart murmur indicates turbulent blood flow. Heart murmurs are generally categorised by timing and are defined as being either systolic or diastolic heart murmurs. However, continuous murmurs cannot be directly placed into either category. Continuous murmurs are due to blood flow from a high-pressure chamber or vessel to a lower-pressure system and the main causes are: